Straight razor dating

In , moved to Bradford, Pennsylvannia. Circa Firm sold in ; the "Blue Grass Cutlery" company was formed in , and is now using the "Crusader" trademark. Brokhahne, New York, New York ca. Montreal, Quebec and Westport, Ontario Canada ca. By , they were the Durham-Duplex Co. Moved to Newark, New Jersey from ca Moved to Walden, New York ca. Warren, Rhode Island ca. Importers, Washington St. In , firm reorganized as Geneva Cutlery Inc. In , the Nazi leadership siezed the company. New York City; Briefly in Worcester, Massachusetts from Importer, New York City.

Specialized in German razors ca. His business was, in , still operated as Harrington Cutlery Co. In Chicago from ca. New York City Importer of razors ca. Made in Germany" ca. Maker of the Presto Safety Razor. When steel is heated to near the point of melting, and cooled down to ambient temperature slowly, the atomic structure evolves with the temperature.

In fact the atomic structure rearranges at various temperatures below melting. However, by heating the steel slowly, and cooling it quickly usually by plunging it into water , a blacksmith can force the atomic structure which normally exists at high temperature to be kept at low temperature the atoms do not have enough time to move during the cooling.

This process, known as quenching, was developed empirically by generations of smiths, and its infinite variations make much of the know-how in blade making. Damascus is a sandwich of two different steels.

how old is that straight razor?

Typically, one of them has a slightly lower carbon content, and the other slightly higher. The smith starts with two plates of each steal, and forges them together. After sufficient hammering, the bilayer can be folded in two, and the process is repeated until a thin alternance of the two steels is obtained. The carbon content is uniform in the final result. The obtained blanks is then forged, quenched and ground. Finally, it is exposed to an acid which oxidizes both steels differently, creating an interesting visual effect see image below.

The width of the blade is traditionally measured in 8th or 16th of inch a inch being equal to The smith can subtract a varying amount of steel to produce a hollow blade. The chart show various levels of hollow blades, from "extra hollow" to "true wedge". A hollow blade produces a crystalline sound while cutting a hair. The main objective of hollow ground blades is to make honing much easier.

On a true wedge blade, the honer has to remove steel on the whole flank. By contrast, on a hollow ground, only the very edge of the blade and the flank of the spine are to be thinned, which requires much less effort. The spine must rest on the stone or the leather. It ensures that a constant honing angle is applied.

During the lifetime of the razor, the blade is somewhat narrowed by successive honing cycles, but the spine is also thinned, thus the honing angle remains the same. One of the simplest ways to remove metal from the sides of the blade is by contact to a grinding wheel, which carves out a circular segment resulting in a profile similar to this.

However, more hollowing is easier to achieve with double grinding, carving out two overlapping circular segments.

The resulting profile is characterized by a belly in between these segments similar to this. But there are also half-round, oblique, notched and French points.


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The sharp corner on the square point razor is useful for exact work, say, around the edge of a moustache. Rinsing with cold water constricts minor abrasions or cuts, followed by patting dry not rubbing and an astringent or aftershave lotion. More serious nicks can be attended with direct pressure for perhaps a minute with a styptic pencil , or with an application of a household astringent such as witch hazel.

Straight Razor Manufacturers and Dates of Operation

A light steady touch is most effective at providing a close shave, preserving the edge and avoiding cuts. In the heyday of straight razor shaving, wealthy users maintained a weekly "rotation" of seven razors to reduce wear on any one piece. Straight razors were often sold in special boxes of seven labelled for the days of the week. Straight razors are still manufactured. Feather Safety Razor Co. Artisans also make handcrafted custom straight razors based on their own designs, the designs of their customers, or by finishing old blanks of blades.

Modern straight-razor users are known to favor them for a variety of reasons. Some are attracted to the nostalgia of using old and traditional methods of shaving. Others wish to avoid the waste of disposable blades. Still others argue that straight razors provide a superior shave through a larger blade and greater control of the blade, including the blade angle.

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Straight razors cover a much greater area per shaving stroke, because their cutting edge is much longer than any of the multi-blade razors. They also do not have to be rinsed as often, because their blade acts like a scoop and carries the lather on it during multiple shaving strokes, while the multi-blade razors are not nearly as efficient at such a task because of their considerably smaller blade geometry.

Straight razors are also much easier to clean and can handle tougher shaving tasks, such as longer facial hair, than modern multi-blade razors, which tend to trap shaving debris between their tightly packed blades and are easily clogged , even with relatively short stubble. In addition, multi-edge razors can irritate the skin due to their multi-blade action, and this can lead to a condition known as pseudofolliculitis barbae , colloquially known as razor bumps. One of the recommended actions for those so affected is to switch to single blade use.

Others simply like the good results and the satisfaction of maintaining the blade themselves. A well-made blade, in a nice handle with a well-crafted etching and decorated shank, carries a sense of craftsmanship and ownership difficult to associate with a disposable blade cartridge. Finally, a well-kept razor can last for decades, [23] and can become a family heirloom that can be passed from parent to child. Some areas require barbers who provide straight-razor shaving to use a version that employs a disposable blade system.

The increase in sales is part of an overall growth in demand for straight razors, since about , which has also seen an increase in the number of barbers offering straight razor shaves. As compared to the disposable and cartridge razors, straight razors are more economical, despite a higher initial cost due to the fact that if properly cared for, no additional cost is incurred, as compared to disposable razors where new cartridges must be periodically procured.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Columbus, OH through the Internet Archive quote: For more than two hundred years, most American men who wanted to shave used a straight razor, also known as a straight-edge razor.

how old is that straight razor? | Badger & Blade

This type of razor first appeared in England in the s, and remained the mainstay of men's razors until the twentieth century. Practice and Science of Standard Barbering: Retrieved 15 August The full concave grind is generally preferred by most barbers.

A straight razor is properly balanced when the weight of the blade is equal to that of the handle. Proper balance means greater ease in shaving with the straight razor. The finish of a razor is the condition of its surface which may be either plain steel, crocus polished steel or metal plated nickel or silver. Of these types, the crocus finish is the choice of the discriminating barber.

Although the crocus finish is more costly, it usually lasts longer and does not show any signs of rusting. The metal plated razors are undesirable because they wear off quickly and often hide a poor quality steel. Privately printed for the Cutlers' Company. The Story of Cutlery: From Flint to Stainless Steel. The world's first steel-edged cut-throat' razors were introduced in Sheffield in The Art of Shaving. The Making of Sheffield. In the late s and early s he is known to have been exporting 'Sheffield wares' including knives, penknives, spring knives and forks, some with tortoiseshell and others with horn handles, razors with silver capped handles, inkpots and Gillette's Journey to Global Leadership.

Retrieved 24 November Retrieved 25 November Therefore the third step was to create a ridge parallel to the cutting edge, dividing the blade in two parts: The ridge is created by grinding the raw triangular basic form with successive different wheel diameters: Ivory does not have to be antique years old to be legal, just pre Care for the Wild International and Save the Elephants.

Archived from the original PDF on A Guide to Healthier Looking Hair. Retrieved 23 November A treatise on razors. Retrieved 17 December In most men were shaved by their local barber or did it themselves at home. The barber's better-off customers would have personal sets of seven razors, labelled with the days of the week. The World's Greatest Knife Book. Shaving with a straight razor is a very simple idea that will preserve your face and, in some small measure, the environment, as well. Double blade razors cut the hairs too short allowing them to grow in.

Yet the latest cut-throat boomlet is part of a growing demand for classic razors and kit. He adds that he spends much of his time teaching grooming basics to men of all ages. Archived from the original on 6 March List of daggers List of blade materials. Emerson Knives Erizo F.

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